Our Brilliant Founding Fathers

Ignorant liberals errantly believe our Founding Fathers were barely out of the cave, living in crude log cabins.

Nothing could be further from the truth. Before the ink on our Declaration of Independence was dry we humans had accomplished the following critical advances in science. A full 100 years prior to 1776, we had made the first measurement of the speed of light. ALL of the following either remain in use today or form the foundations upon which later discoveries are based.

150s BC – Seleucus of Seleucia: discovery of tides being caused by the moon.

9th Century: Al-Kindi (Alkindus): refutation of the theory of the transmutation of metals

10th Century: Muhammad ibn Zakar?ya R?zi (Rhazes): refutation of Aristotelian classical elements and Galenic humorism; and discovery of measles and smallpox, and kerosene and distilled petroleum
Ibn Sahl: Snell’s law of refraction

11th Century:
1021 – Ibn al-Haytham’s Book of Optics
1020s – Avicenna’s The Canon of Medicine
1054 – Various Early Astronomers: Observe supernova (modern designation SN 1054), later correlated to the Crab Nebula.
Ab? Rayh?n al-B?r?n?: beginning of Islamic astronomy and mechanics

12th Century:
1121 – Al-Khazini: variation of gravitation and gravitational potential energy at a distance; the decrease of air density with altitude
Ibn Bajjah (Avempace): discovery of reaction (precursor to Newton’s third law of motion)
Hibat Allah Abu’l-Barakat al-Baghdaadi (Nathanel): relationship between force and acceleration (a vague foreshadowing of a fundamental law of classical mechanics and a precursor to Newton’s second law of motion)
Averroes: relationship between force, work and kinetic energy

13th Century:
1220–1235 – Robert Grosseteste: rudimentals of the scientific method (see also: Roger Bacon)
1242 – Ibn al-Nafis: pulmonary circulation and circulatory system
Theodoric of Freiberg: correct explanation of rainbow phenomenon
William of Saint-Cloud: pioneering use of camera obscura to view solar eclipses

14th Century:
Before 1327 – William of Ockham: Occam’s Razor
Oxford Calculators: the mean speed theorem
Jean Buridan: theory of impetus
Nicole Oresme: discovery of the curvature of light through atmospheric refraction

15th Century:
1494 – Luca Pacioli: first codification of the Double-entry bookkeeping system, which slowly developed in previous centuries

16th Century:
1543 – Copernicus: heliocentric model
1543 – Vesalius: pioneering research into human anatomy
1552 – Michael Servetus: early research in Europe into pulmonary circulation
1570s – Tycho Brahe: detailed astronomical observations
1600 – William Gilbert: Earth’s magnetic field

17th Century:
1609 – Johannes Kepler: first two laws of planetary motion
1610 – Galileo Galilei: Sidereus Nuncius: telescopic observations
1614 – John Napier: use of logarithms for calculation
1628 – William Harvey: Blood circulation
1638 – Galileo Galilei: laws of falling body
1643 – Evangelista Torricelli invents the mercury barometer
1662 – Robert Boyle: Boyle’s law of ideal gas
1665 – Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society first peer reviewed scientific journal published.
1665 – Robert Hooke: Discovers the Cell
1668 – Francesco Redi: disproved idea of spontaneous generation
1669 – Nicholas Steno: Proposes that fossils are organic remains embedded in layers of sediment, basis of stratigraphy
1669 – Jan Swammerdam: Species breed true
1673 – Christiaan Huygens: first study of oscillating system and design of pendulum clocks
1675 – Leibniz, Newton: Infinitesimal calculus
1675 – Anton van Leeuwenhoek: Observes Microorganisms by Microscope
1676 – Ole Rømer: first measurement of the speed of light
1687 – Newton: Laws of motion, law of universal gravitation, basis for classical physics

18th Century:
1745 – Ewald Jürgen Georg von Kleist first capacitor, the Leyden jar
1750 – Joseph Black: describes latent heat
1751 – Benjamin Franklin: Lightning is electrical
1761 – Mikhail Lomonosov: discovery of the atmosphere of Venus
1763 – Thomas Bayes: publishes the first version of Bayes’ theorem, paving the way for Bayesian probability
1771 – Charles Messier: Publishes catalogue of astronomical objects (Messier Objects) now known to include galaxies, star clusters, and nebulae.

Messier’s catalog remains the mainstay reference book for all amateur astronomical observations done today.

This list only includes basic science. A great many advances in literature, politics, social theory, law, cartography, and a countless other areas occurred before our Founding Fathers created that famous document and later, our Constitution.

Our Founding Fathers were brilliant and very learned men. Our Constitution is the result of their education and experience, the culmination of millennia of accumulated written knowledge.

They knew EXACTLY what they were doing.

Thus, when people like Obama come along and hold it in low regard, it merely underscores what an idiot he really is.

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