Oath of Office in the United States of America

One’s oath of office is not to be taken lightly. It forms the cornerstone upon which our Constitution, “the supreme Law of the Land,” sustains our nation.
The United States of America has seven federal uniformed services that commission officers as defined by Title 10, and subsequently structured and organized by Title 10, Title 14, Title 32 and Title 42 of the United States Code.
 
The seven uniformed services are defined by 10 U.S.C. § 101(a)(5):
 
The term “uniformed services” means—
(A) the armed forces;
(B) the commissioned corps of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; and
(C) the commissioned corps of the Public Health Service.
 
The five uniformed services that make up the United States Armed Forces are defined in the previous clause 10 U.S.C. § 101(a)(4). The term “armed forces” means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard.
 
As a member and commissioned officer of the United States Armed Forces, specifically the U.S. Air Force, I took the following oath of office in 1989:
 
I, [name], do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter. So help me God.
One’s oath of office contains no expiration date.  Like my commission, conferred on me by President George H. W. Bush in 1989, my oath of office never expires.
 
Four other groups of people take precisely the same oath: Law enforcement officers, civil officers, judges and Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court, and the President of the United States of America.
 
The oath of office for law enforcement officers and civil officers, including every executive, legislative, and judicial officer, regardless of whether they serve at the local, county, state, or federal level, is the same as that for the federal uniformed services.

Furthermore, each justice or judge of the United States takes an additional oath commensurate with their special authority, specifically, the following oath or affirmation before performing the duties of his office:

“I, ___ ___, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will administer justice without respect to persons, and do equal right to the poor and to the rich, and that I will faithfully and impartially discharge and perform all the duties incumbent upon me as ___ under the Constitution and laws of the United States. So help me God.” – 28 U.S. Code § 453 – Oaths of justices and judges

Finally, the President of the United States of America:

“Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:—”I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.” – Article II, Section 1, Constitution for the United States of America

As to what all this means, how and why one’s adherence to one’s oath of office is the glue of loyalty which holds our nation together, merely type “oath of office” into the Search window on this website.  🙂

The short version, however, is that when everyone in a position of authority who takes an oath of office actually follows their oath of office, including taking the steps to ensure they know the U.S. Constitution through and through, as well as all application local, county, state, federal, and military law germain to their duty and position of responsibility, then you have a country that is united behind a single, common, purpose, standing firm on a 200+ year old foundation of law respected around the world.

There is no firmer nor finer place to be.

Why FEMA is a Failure

Why FEMA is a failure:
 
Here’s what worries me most: “Pelosi said, adding that she is worried about Trump’s proposed cuts to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in his fiscal year 2018 federal budget. “You can’t do that,” Pelosi said, adding that the issue will be on the table when Congress reconvenes in just a few days.”
 
With a $13.9 billion budget, FEMA is one of the most overpaid, under-capable organizations on the planet. People need WATER about everything else, yet FEMA utterly failed the people of New Orleans.
 
The Army and Army National Guard was primed and ready to begin delivering bottled water, trucked in ahead of the storm by Walmart, via Chinook helicopter before the winds died down.
 
They were told, “No. Stand down. Let FEMA handle it.”
 
In less than 3 days, Air Force personnel had landed at Moissant (New Orleans’ International Airport) and begun clearing the runways for subsequent deliveries of water, food, and medical supplies, as well as any number of volunteers. The runway was cleared by the 4th day.
 
They were told, “No. Stand down. Let FEMA handle it.”
 
On the 5th day after all winds had subsided, FEMA finally their crap together and begin delivering water in chincy civilian helicopters that couldn’t haul but about 800 lbs. A CH-47D Chinook hauls about 25,000 lbs. A C-130 can haul 45,000 lbs. A C-17 can haul 170,900 lbs. That’s 20,000 gallons of water, including dunnage and bottling. That’s enough for 5,000 people for 5 days.
 
The U.S. military was absolutely chomping at the bit to get water to the people. Instead we were watching them DIE of dehydration.
 
But no. They were told, “No. Stand down. Let FEMA handle it.”
 
Although President Trump recently appointed Brock Long, a well-qualified and experienced leader, he is grossly saddled and overburdened by laws created by Congress who think they know how to and need to legislate every contingency FEMA might encounter, and how he should respond.
 
The days of the old Civil Defense system were FAR more capable of responding to natural disasters. In fact, the “Cajun and Texan Navies” did PRECISELY what the old Civil Defense system was all about: Protecting and rescuing the people, from the lowest level on up. In 1954, the United States held its first nation-wide civil defense drill, where over 12 million Americans “died” in a mock nuclear attack.
 
It was a huge success.
 
The U.S. Federal Civil Defense Administration was organized by Harry Truman on December 1, 1950 through Executive Order 10186, and became an official government agency via the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950 on 12 January 1951. It’s gone through some changes, eventually arriving at FEMA.
 
The major problem with FEMA is that the mindset is mostly top-down. Yes, they do work with cities and states to help them develop their own disaster preparedness programs. However, is there any emphasis on including We the People in those programs like we did during the 1950s?
 
No. And therein lies the problem.
 
We the People are BY FAR your largest workforce in times of any disaster or emergency. Private citizens outnumber police, fire, and rescue by more than 1,000 to 1. The “professionals” can sweat the small stuff, everything from a house fire to an airliner crash, but they are absolutely, utterly overwhelmed when major disasters such as tornados, hurricanes, and forest fires sweep through inhabited areas.
 
We the People are your FIRST RESPONDERS, not police, fire, and rescue. When seconds count, We the People are there, while the second responders are minutes away. In large disasters, it’s more like hours, and even days away.
 
I’m not saying we don’t need police, fire, and rescue, along with local, county, state, and federal EM (emergency management) people. We absolutely do!
 
What I am saying is that if they’re focusing on using only paid personnel in their response force, their cutting their available resources by at least 90%.
 
Out of 325 million Americans, not everyone is well-suited for rescue work. In fact, most people aren’t. 24% of us are under 18, while 15.2% are 65 and older. That leaves 197,600,000 available American Adults.
 
Even so, if the ratio of We the People to PFR+EM is 1,000 to 1, but only 10% of We the People (19,760,000) have various types of rescue training management experience under emergency or combat conditions, then that’s still 100 to 1. But let’s say you’re wanting to ensure only the best of the best civilians augment your forces, that only 1% of We the People are capable of successfully augmenting professional Emergency Managers.
 
Then that select 1% of We the People STILL outnumber PFR+EM personnel by 10 to 1. That’s still 1.98 million highly skilled, well-trained augmentees available for use, and we live EVERYWHERE. We are in every town, city, county, and state in the union. I dare say there’s at least one of us in every neighborhood, or at least nearby.
 
Thus, PFR+EM personnel should make a concerted effort to identify and USE those augmentees during natural disasters.
 
But what happened during the Waldo Canyon Fire? Nothing. They evacuated everyone (sensible), but then posted guards at all entrances, keeping people out for days, and in some areas, weeks.
 
Not a very smart move. While I understand the concerns about looting, if you’d simply let everyone back in, we can defend ourselves, thank you very much.

Obama Voters – Treason or Stupidity?

After reviewing the Constitution’s definition of treason (Article III, Section 3), as well as Obama’s record of treasonous acts against the United States of America alongside the tenets of Complicity Law, I realized there is only one legal, sane, rational conclusion to be reached, here:
Those who voted for Obama are either complicit in his treason or they’re sublimely stupid, in which case they shouldn’t be voting at all.

There’s no middle ground, here, people!  No wiggle room.  All possible categories can be boiled down to the following five:

  1. You were fully cognizant of Obama’s treason and voted for him anyway, in which case you were fully complicit in his treason.
  2. You were somewhat aware of Obama’s treason but voted for him anyway, in which case you were at least partially complicit in his treason, but you were also either lazy, stupid, treasonous yourself (or some combination thereof) because you were somewhat aware that something nefarious was afoot yet you failed to exercise your due diligence as a voter to determine whether Obama had committed treason or not.
  3. You weren’t aware of Obama’s treason, in which case you were undoubtedly either voting for him for no other reason than he was a Democrat, black, or both (willfully ignorant), and/or you were drinking the liberal Kool-Aid* of the mainstream media (unknowingly being kept ignorant).  Regardless, either way you were completely and utterly stupid.
*”Drinking the Kool-Aid” refers to the 1978 Jonestown Massacre, where the phrase suggests that one has mindlessly adopted the dogma of a group or leader without fully understanding the ramifications or implications.
At this point, one might ask, “Is it really treason to knowingly vote for someone who committed treason?

ABSOLUTELY.
Here’s why:
“Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort.” – Article III, Section 3, U.S. Constitution
Thus, if someone joins ISIS or al Qaeda, fighting alongside them against U.S. troops, that’s treason.
When someone holds fast to, gives support, or maintains loyalty to an enemy of America, that’s “adhering.”  That’s treason.
When someone provides “beans and bullets,” logistical support (transportation), intelligence (spying), or refuge, that’s “aid and comfort.”  That’s treason.
But what about when a person doesn’t directly engage in these activities themselves, but merely votes for a treasonous person or supports them monetarily or in some other way?
Great question!  Let’s look at what the law has to say about this:
 
Complicity in criminal law refers to when someone is legally accountable, or liable for a criminal offense, based upon the behavior of another. Criminal complicity may arise in the following situations.  With the intent to promote or assist the commission of the offense:
 
1. a person procures, induces or causes such other person to commit the offense; or
 
2. a person aids or abets such other person in committing the offense; or
 
3. having a legal duty to prevent the commission of the offense, a person fails to make an effort he is legally required to make.
As you review both the U.S. Constitution’s definition of treason and Complicity law side by side, you will see that the Constitution included complicity in it’s definition.  In fact, the Constitution contains three phrases of treason in its definition, yet only the first one addresses open acts of war or aggression against the United States.  The second and third phrases directly address complicity, those things people do to help America’s enemies.  Thus, “the supreme Law of the Land” considers complicity in a citizen to be just as much treason as when a citizen levies war against the United States itself.
Let’s review these three elements of complicity one by one to see what such acts of complicity might entail:
1. a person procures, induces or causes such other person to commit the offense; or
The Democrat Party procured Obama as a candidate.  Either they, George Soros, corrupt politicians, or some combination thereof induced or otherwise caused Obama to commit his many acts of treason, either monetarily, by means of party pressure, offering political “guidance,” feeding him incorrect information, exchanging political favors, or providing promises of some future reward.  Regardless of the means, Obama remains fully guilty of all offenses of treason.
2. a person aids or abets such other person in committing the offense; or
 
This category includes all Obama voters, along with those who made contributions to the Democrat party or Obama’s election in the form of money or value, and even the hourly efforts of those who worked in various party offices, organized meetings, created Obama buttons, or campaigned door to door.  But it also includes those who carried out Obama’s orders, knowing they violated the U.S. Constitution.
3. having a legal duty to prevent the commission of the offense, a person fails to make an effort he is legally required to make.
Most of Congress falls into this gaping hole.   I say “most,” because nearly all Democrats fell lock-step behind Obama in his many illegal and sometimes treasonous actions.  Furthermore, a number of Republicans did, as well.  As such, they are equally guilty of treason.   On top of that, every aid, administrative assistant, attorney, cabinet head, and White House staffer who blinked and did nothing to stop Obama’s treasonous actions is complicit.  This is really where the oath of office comes into play.  When a military, law enforcement, or civilian officer (executive, legislative, judicial) agrees to “solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same…” they are committing themselves, their persons, to one of the highest and most noble causes in our nation, to serve our country.  The oath of office isn’t a formality.  It forms the cornerstone of our duty, our loyalty to our nation above and beyond any loyalty to anyone or anything else.
Since complicity requires “intent to promote or assist the commission of the offense,” the ONLY defense under complicity law against treason for those who voted for Obama involves being too STUPID to know what he was up to.
However, there’s no such defense under the United States Constitution, as it doesn’t differentiate between “knowingly” and “unknowingly.”  It assumes, and rightly so, that this is serious enough stuff that people aren’t going to take it lightly, that they’re going to exercise caution and due diligence to make dang sure they don’t cross the line.  Only someone who is either knowingly complicit or really stupid would ever cross that line, hence the reason why I use the term “Demoncraps.”  If they were knowingly complicit in Obama’s treason, then they’re demonically opposed to the United States.  If the were just too stupid to know the difference…
Demonically opposed + stupid as shit = Demoncraps

Islamic Terrorism, and Snakes on a Plane

“Enough is ENOUGH!  I have had it with these motherfucking [Islamic terrorism] snakes on this motherfucking plane!  Everybody strap in.  I’m about to open some fucking windows.”

Neville Flynn, Snakes on a Plane

“The Islamic State Group claimed responsibility for the attack via their Amaq News Agency.  Catalan Police have confirmed the incident is a terror attack.” – Source
 
Many people worldwide think it’s long past time time to implement a new 1,000 to 1 policy for Islamic terrorism. If Islamic terrorism kills 12 innocent civilians, the People of this World will summarily execute 12,000 people associated with Islamic terrorism, beginning with that terrorist’s immediate and extended family, spreading throughout the Islamic terrorism cell, to any and all known and related Islamic terrorism cells within that Islamic terrorism organization. If the 12,000 number has not yet been reached, move on, beginning with known terrorist cells of the same religion, and so on.
 
You might want to start at Gitmo, or did Obama release ALL of those Islamic terrorism prisoners back into their fight against the U.S.?
 
Seriously. After dealing with this Islamic terrorism crap for 1,400 years, it has become abundantly clear the only way to eradicate Islamic terrorism from the human gene pool is to kill them all, then burn their books, papers, mosques, homes, villages, and even entire cities to the ground, into rubble.
 
Just to be “fair,” though, we ought to give them “fair warning:” At the very next attack even remotely attributable to Islamic terrorism, we WILL nuke ONE city randomly chosen from all cities throughout the entire world containing two-thirds or more Muslims and containing a population within the top one-third of all such cities. At the SECOND terrorist attack even remotely attributable to Islamic terrorism, we WILL nuke FORTY such cities, including Mecca. At the THIRD terrorist attack even remotely attributable to Islamic terrorism, we WILL nuke ALL cities throughout the world containing more than two-thirds Muslims, starting with the most populated and continuing down the list until an official Islamic delegation promises the world that there will NEVER be another Islamic terrorist attack anywhere in the world EVER again, or until the list is complete.  Should the promise be broken with another attack even remotely attributable to Islamic terrorism, we WILL continue down that list.
 
I think our world would be MUCH better off with a little more radiation than continuing to suffer incessant attacks and threats of attacks at the hands of Islamic terrorism.
 
While this sounds drastic, evidently God himself thought precisely the same thing when he commanded the jews to kill everyone in certain tribes:
 
“In 1 Samuel 15:2-3, God commanded Saul and the Israelites, “This is what the LORD Almighty says: ‘I will punish the Amalekites for what they did to Israel when they waylaid them as they came up from Egypt. Now go, attack the Amalekites and totally destroy everything that belongs to them. Do not spare them; put to death men and women, children and infants, cattle and sheep, camels and donkeys.’ ” “
 
God ordered similar things when the Israelites were invading the promised land (Deuteronomy 2:34; 3:6; 20:16-18).
 
Why would God have the Israelites exterminate an entire group of people, women and children included?
 
Unlike us, God knows the future. God knew what the results would be if Israel did not completely eradicate the Amalekites. If Israel did not carry out God’s orders, the Amalekites would come back to trouble the Israelites in the future.
 
Saul claimed to have killed everyone but the Amalekite king Agag (1 Samuel 15:20). Obviously, Saul was lying—just a couple of decades later, there were enough Amalekites to take David and his men’s families captive (1 Samuel 30:1-2). After David and his men attacked the Amalekites and rescued their families, 400 Amalekites escaped.
 
If Saul had fulfilled what God had commanded him, this never would have occurred.
 
Several hundred years later, a descendant of Agag, Haman, tried to have the entire Jewish people exterminated (see the book of Esther). So, Saul’s incomplete obedience almost resulted in Israel’s destruction. God knew this would occur, so He ordered the extermination of the Amalekites ahead of time.
 
By the way, “Haman’s lineage is given in the Targum Sheni as follows: “Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, son of Srach, son of Buza, son of Iphlotas, son of Dyosef, son of Dyosim, son of Prome, son of Ma’dei, son of Bla’akan, son of Intimros, son of Haridom, son of Sh’gar, son of Nigar, son of Farmashta, son of Vayezatha, (son of Agag, son of Sumkei,) son of Amalek, son of the concubine of Eliphaz, firstborn son of Esau”.
 
if you’re interested in learning from whom the Arabs in Persia (Iraq) and Medes (Iran) descended, please check out this Family of Esau map, complete with links to each of the dozens of progenitors and descendants.
 
Do you think it’s time to finish the job?  If so, write your governmental representatives and make you thoughts known.  Demand action!
 

When You’re Attacked…

I cannot identify this particular incident without giving away certain privacy act information.
Here’s what I can say about it:  Whilst I and the rest of my high school youth group were singing songs unto the Lord, a PCP-hopped (VA police revealed evidence) slammed open doors, literally flipped tables from floor level to some 12 foot height and more than 17 feet beyond (I measured it).
Prior to that point, we were all kind of, “Wha…”
We watched as he entered our circle, shouting all sorts of crap against “you people playing your Christian songs,”that he’d had enough, etc.

He had already entered the large worship room, and all of us were on the defensive. We railed against him forcibly entering the room.  Some of us wrestled him to the ground.  Some of us secured the group to hidden corners.  Some of us interacted with 911 services.

ALL of us dealt with this, and while interesting, it was NOT FUN.  So, let’s LEARN from it so that the likelihood of this ever happening again is SO less likely that

Grace People:   Please send your recollections to me.  Thanks.

I will soon publish a conglomerate in a mini-book form, and will make it available to all, provided all parties agree do it, including the perp himself, under Virginia state law.

Otherwise, it will remain a mostly secret based on obscure references.

Here’s a thought, Grace people, let’s stop this crap in the bud.  I was there, helped wrestled this offender to the ground, called 911 repeatedly to elicit help, helped move most people to our churches hidden chambers…

Why haven’t I had a say in this guy’s court hearings?

I was there.  I saw and experienced everything.

 – Steve
Forrest:  (enters the room)…  Pick it up from there..

I’m writing a book, so if you have input, I want to hear from you.

 
Somewhere in Northern Virginia, there was a Christian Youth Fellowship organization…

America’s Greatest Terrorism Threats

According to a Princeton Study using FBI data and reported by GlobalResearch, Islam is not our greatest terrorism threat. Rather, the left-wing extremists surpass that threat by a factor of FOUR.
American Terrorism
 
Meanwhile, right-wing extremists don’t even appear on the chart. People like certain actors who say, “I’m fearful of people with guns!” need to keep that in mind, especially while living in Latino-dense Southern California.  Their terrorist threat level is nearly double that of left-wing extremists, and SEVEN TIMES higher than Islamic extremists.
left-wing terrorism
 The “terrorist threat” from right-wing extremists has to be less than that of the lowest group listed on the chart: Communists. Call it 4%, although it’s probably lower than that.  Even at 4%, however, it’s still SIX TIMES lower than that of left-wing extremists, and more than TEN TIMES lower than that of Latinos.
 
Please present these findings to the next blitheringly idiotic left-wing “journalist” who claims that “right-wingers are our biggest threat.”
 
Our only threat to the left is on intellectual and factual bases.
 
Hey, don’t shoot the messenger. I didn’t gather the data. The FBI did. Nor did I conduct the study. Princeton University did.  Have a nice day.

Getting in Shape

I’ve been getting back into cycling. Last week, I finally repaired my flat, bought new tires and tubes, and trued my wheels. Last night I gave my trusty steed a decent, long-overdue, and much-needed cleaning. 🙂
 
In the last week, I’ve done a very short but moderately steep 1-mile trip, along with a longer 2-mile trip.
 
I’m feeling better after each trip!
 
I’m planning on a 13.4 miler tomorrow morning. That may be a bit aggressive for where I am right now, as I’m still running into the breathing side of cardio as my limfac (limiting factor).
 
As the human body regains fitness, it usually encounters shortness of breath as the first sign of a serious lack of fitness. I’ve been there, done that, and overcame it. Unfortunately, I’m back there again. 🙁
 
By limiting dietary intake to healthy foods (lots of water, zero processed foods, zero sugar, balanced carbs and proteins, and healthy fats), while exercising at one’s limerfac (see Note 1, below), one can get move from the shortness of breath limerfac to the cardio or lactic acid limerfac between about one and three weeks.
 
During the shortness of breath, one is seriously out of shape. You climb a long slope of stairs or even a gentle hill and find yourself out of breath. You should by all means consult your doctor if you find yourself at this stage, especially if you’re NOT obese or even carrying around more than a few extra pounds, as it could indicate a serious underlying health condition that no amount of exercise will cure.
 
If medically cleared, as you progress in your twice-daily (see Note 2, below) cardio routine, 4-5 times per week (see Note 3, below), you will quickly find yourself recovering your ability to breath while exercising. Between one and three weeks on this regimen, you will no longer be out of breath, but will begin running up against either heart rate or lactic acid buildup as your limerfacs. If you’ve been out of shape for a while, and you’re performing both a good, five to ten-minute warming and slow but steadily progressively more intense you’ll usually hit a heart rate maximum before you encounter a lactic acid maximum during this phase. If you’ve been out of shape for a short time, you might find yourself hitting a lactic acid ceiling, instead.
 
Either way, the good news is that you’re “over the hump.” You’re now in shape to… get in shape. I know this sounds backwards, but, quite literally, when you’re out of shape, you’re in a slow but steady downward spiral. No amount of medication, rest, diet, nutrition, or whatever is going to get you over that hump.
 

Speaking of which, strength training doesn’t involve a “hump.” Progressive training with weights might feel like there’s a “hump” involved, but it’s often due to the fact that weightlifters are on a tight enough schedule so as to experience “aerobic weight lifting,” wherein they progress between stations at a rate fast enough to stimulate their aerobic conditioning response.

ACR.  That’s MY term, not anyone else’s.  Yes, I’ve read the books.  No, I’m not an “exercise physiologist.”  I am well aware, however, that many of the studies leading into the modern acceptance of what’s “fit” involved test subjects who were well below today’s 50th percentile in terms of BMI.  In fact, the early studies weren’t out to test obesity, much less various fitness levels thereof.  Instead, they were out to test minimum, normal (statistically speaking) and maximum levels of performance for a particular height and weight range involving what had previously been determined as being acceptable for test pilots.

Here’s the truth:  Back as early as the 1930s, we began minimizing human weights in the testing and calculations in order to achieve the best results.  I’m not going to bore you with the immediately verifiable results of 90 years of research, experimentation, and results, but the fact remains:  Small females can withstand more G’s while remaining capable over longer periods of time of tracking more targets and eliminating the same than even the most prolific “HOO-RAH!” male.

We’re not talking about hand-to-hand-combat, here.  We’re talking about tapping into our own genetic structure which evolution has selected what works best to preserve the outcome, and why.

In the case of female pilots, well, they really rock shit.  Better multitasking (but only somewhat), Greater G-force resistance (but only somewhat).

If some God appointed me the general extraordinaire, with an edict that all freedom-hating groups be extinguished as soon as possible…

Well… Damned.  That’s tough.

However, here’s what I’d do:

Send all aviators to combat the threat (regardless of gender – they signed up and trained, etc. – this issue was buried in the 1990s, or so I thought).

 
one will progress through shortness of breath as the limiting exertion factor, then max heart rate, and finally, lactic acid. With dedication, riding hard for half an hour at least every other day while, it only takes a week or two for you to transition between shortness of breath to heart rate as your limiting exertion factor.
 
We’ll see how I feel at the 5 mile point. That’s up a steep hill, down a mild hill, and up another mild hill. Easy ride home from there.
 
If I feel fine, plenty of energy and wind, I’ll continue for a loop around Garden of the Gods. Once I begin that, however, I’m committed, as I’ll have to add down a steep hill, up a very steep hill, down a steep hill, and up a steep hill, along with 8.4 miles to my distance.